The personal website of Scott W Harden
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AJ4VD Gator Spotted in MA

That's over 1,00 miles on a few milliwatts! The transmitter is the ridiculously simple one pictured below. I'm blown away! It was seen on running QRSS VD software! Awesome!!

This article's source was last edited on September 10, 2020.
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AJ4VD Gator Chomps its way into Belgium!

Yeah, that's over 4,500 miles away! The following image was captured from ON5EX's QRSS grabber in Belgium! Amazing. I don't have the equipment to measure its power output, but it's running on USB power and I'd assume it's putting out less than 100mW. Very cool!

This article's source was last edited on September 10, 2020.
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⚠️ Warning: This article is obsolete.
Articles typically receive this designation when the technology they describe is no longer relevant, code provided is later deemed to be of poor quality, or the topics discussed are better presented in future articles. Articles like this are retained for the sake of preservation, but their content should be critically assessed.

Pushing and Pulling

I found a way to quadruple the output power of my QRSS transmitter without changing its input parameters. Thanks to a bunch of people (most of whom are on the Knights QRSS mailing list) I decided to go with a push-pull configuration using 2 pairs of 4 gates (8 total) of a 74HC240. I'll post circuit diagrams when I perfect it, but for now check out these waveforms!

First of all, this is the waveform before and after amplification with the 74HC240. I artificially weakened the input signal (top) with a resistor and fed it to the 74HC240. For the rest of the images, the input is 5v p-p and the output is similar, so amplification won't be observed. The wave I'm starting with is the output of a microcontroller which is non-sinusoidal, but this can be fixed later with lowpass filtering.

Here you can see the test circuit I'm using. It should be self-explanatory.

Here's the output of the microcontroller compared to the in-phase output of the 74HC240

Here are the two outputs of the 74HC240. 4 of the gates are used to create output in-phase with the input, and the other four are used to create out-of-phase wave. Here are the two side by side. The top is 0 to 5v, the bottom is 0 to -5v, so we have a push-pull thing going on... woo hoo!

The waves, when overlapped, look similar (which I guess is a good thing) with a slight (and I mean VERY slight) offset of the out-of-phase signal. I wonder if this is caused by the delay in the time it takes to trigger the 74HC240 to make the out-of-phase signal? The signal I'm working with is 1MHz.

Okay, that's it for now. I'm just documenting my progress. 73

This article's source was last edited on September 12, 2020.
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Solar Powered QRSS Transmitter

Haray! I'm making awesome progress with my QRSS transmitter design. Because my current transmitter (previous few posts) was randomly freezing-up (likely due to the oscillator stopping its oscillating due to being overloaded) so I moved the oscillator from in-chip to an external oscillator. It's been made small enough to fit in an Altoids tin, and I already tested it with the solar panel and it works! Awesome! Here are some photos. Again, when I perfect the design I'll post final schematics.

Sticking out are wires for power and an antenna on each side. The goal is to hang the device between two trees by its own antenna. That's my new chip development board. I made it with what I needed on it. It's so convenient! It uses 5v of power from the USB port too! Altogether I've tested the device and confirmed it transmits radio when the solar panel is illuminated. I'm thinking of making it more effective by adding more panels... but that's it for now!

This article's source was last edited on September 10, 2020.
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First QRSS Spot!

I'm so excited! This little transmitter I made and programmed to transmit my call sign (AJ4VD) and a picture of a gator got its first spotting tonight! I'm so excited. It was reported by W4HBK in Pensacola, FL. It's only 300 miles away, but it's a start! I'm keeping my fingers crossed and maybe someday soon I'll hear from Europe.

This article's source was last edited on September 10, 2020.
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